Tower, nickname La dame de fer, the iron lady is a puddle iron
lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. Built in
1889, it has become both a global icon of France and one of the
most recognizable structures in the world. The tower is the
tallest building in Paris and the most-visited paid monument in
the world; millions of people ascend it every year. Named after
its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as
the entrance arch to the 1889 World's Fair.
The tower stands 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same
height as an 81-storey building. During its construction, the
Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to assume the
title of the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it
held for 41 years, until the Chrysler Building in New York City
was built in 1930. However, due to the addition, in 1957, of the
antenna atop the Eiffel Tower, it is now taller than the
Chrysler Building. Not including broadcast antennas, it is the
second-tallest structure in France, after the Millau Viaduct.
The tower has three levels for visitors. Tickets can be
purchased to ascend, by stairs or lift, to the first and second
levels. The walk from ground level to the first level is over
300 steps, as is the walk from the first to the second level.
The third and highest level is accessible only by elevator. Both
the first and second levels feature restaurants.
The tower has become the most prominent symbol of both Paris and
France, often in the establishing shot of films set in the city.